Fall 2014 CSCI 255 Homework 10

Your solution to this assignment, a PIC32 assembly language file called tooNegative.s, should be uploaded by Homework 10 on moodle by 11:00 PM on 5 November.

The Problem

This is your one-and-only assembly language programming project. You are to implement the following function in MIPS32 assembly language.

#include <stdlib.h>
#include "tooNegative.h"

int tooNegative(int V[], int n) {
    int lowCount ;
    int i ;
    lowCount = 0 ;
    for (i=0; i<n; ++i) {
        if (V[i] < 0) {
            V[i] = 0 ;
            lowCount++ ;
    return lowCount ;


You can test your routine using the following main routine.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#include "tooNegative.h"

static void printResult(int a[], int n, int r) {
    int i ;
    fputs("Array:\n", stdout) ;
    for (i=0; i<n; ++i) {
        fprintf(stdout, "%3d: %6d\n", i, a[i]) ;
    fprintf(stdout, "Returned: %3d\n\n", r) ;

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
    int U[] = {255, -3, 5, 70, -101, 30 } ;
    int V[] = {} ; 
    int u = tooNegative(U, sizeof U/sizeof(int)) ; 
    printResult(U, sizeof U/sizeof(int), u) ;
    int v = tooNegative(V, sizeof V/sizeof(int)) ;
    printResult(V, sizeof V/sizeof(int), v) ;
    return (EXIT_SUCCESS);

You should use this prototype to compile the main routine.


int tooNegative(int *, int) ;

#endif	/* TOONEGATIVE_H */

Getting started

You can download a an incomplete project for MPLAB X to get started. It has a file tooNegative.s that is the start of the MIPS assembly code.

If you would like to see how it runs in C, you can download a working C implementation as a NetBeans project to check your results.

How hard is this?

Well, not that hard. First of all, since this is a leaf procedure, you don’t need to implement a stack frame.

My initial implementation used 18 instructions. Two of those were the return instructions
      jr    $ra
There were also three other nop instructions. That’s only 14 non-nop instructions.

You can get the implementation down to 12 instructions with only one nop. But that requires a little more work.


Every couple of days, I will post hints on the Homework 10 moodle page.

Read these to keep on schedule.